Yagna has its specific health significance apart form the ritual and spiritual befits. They were regularly practiced in the vedic ages somewhere benefiting people physically and metally in person and also in masses.
Yagna can also be used as a mass immunization process with positive result specially to prevent people from epidemics or the infection which are due to viruses in atmosphere. Yagnas have an ancient history of its importance with respect to health and wealth of mankind, since vedic ages.
There are two basic energy systems in the physical world: heat and sound. In performing yagna, these two energies, namely, the heat from yagna’s fire and the sound of the chanting of Vedic Mantras, are blended together to achieve the desired physical, psychological and spiritual benefits. The fumigation, vaporization and subtlisation of specific substances in the yagna-fire constitute a verifiable scientific method of sublimation of matter and expansion of its colloidal state, generates ions and energy with positive effects in the surrounding atmosphere through the specific sonic waves of the mantras.
In order to get an idea of the various chemical changes that take place during the performance of yagna, it is essential to know the various substances used and offered in the yagna-fire. These can be broadly classified into two types: wood (samidha) and a mixture of odoriferous and medicinal herbs (havan sámagri) . Woods of Santalum Album (sandalwood), Aquilana Malaccensis and Valeriana Wallchii (borax wood or agar and tagar), Cedrys Libani (cedar or deodar), Mangifera Indica (mango), Butea Frondosa (flame of the forest or palásha), Aegle Marmelos (bengal quince or bilva), Ficus Religiosa (the holy fig or pipal), Ficus Bengalensis (banyan or bargad), Proposis Spicigera (sponge tree or Shami), Ficus Glomerata (wild fig or gular) are considered appropriate for this purpose. For havan samagiri usually saffron, musk, agar, tagar, sandalwood powder, cardamom, nutmeg, javitri and camphor are generally used mixed with substances with healing properties such as clarified butter (ghee), milk, fruits, lin seeds, and cereals like wheat, rice, barley, various millet, gram, peas, etc. Sweet Substances like sugar, dried dates, resin, honey, etc; and medicinal herbs like Tinospora cordifolia (tinospora/guduchi or giloya), Bacopa Monieri (bacopa or bráhmi), Convolvulus Pluricaulis (shankh pushpi), Mesua Ferrea (cobra’s saffron or nágkesar), Glycyrrhiza Glabra Bois (liquoric root or mulhati), Red Sandalwood, Terminalia Bellirica (beddanut or bahedá), Dry Ginger, and Terminalia Chebula (chebulic myrobalans or harada) are used as per specific requirements. Different combinations of these and/or other special herbs can be used for the treatment of specific diseases through yagna-therapy.
As a result of combustion of the above material due to high temperature and the gases and substances released in the atmosphere help to reduce the environmental pollution and healthy positive effects on human beings. The interpretation of the process of combustion in a yagna on a scientific basis is rather difficult due to the lot of varialble factors related to yagna such as properties of substances used vary; the conditions under which combustion takes place; the shape of the kunda; the variation in the temperature and thermodynamic effects etc. The products of combustion depend on the factors like –– (a) The nature of substances used and their proportions; (b) Temperature attained; (c) Controlled supply of air and (d) Interaction amongst the various products formed.
The temperature attained by the kunda varies between 250°C and 600°C, while in the actual flames it can rise as high as 1200°C to 1300°C. At their boiling points, the volatile constituents vaporize and their gaseous forms get diffused. Also, when cellulose and other carbohydrates undergo combustion, steam is formed in copious quantities by the combination of the hydrogen of the decomposed organic molecules with the oxygen. This is how the substances like thymol, eugenol, pinene, terpinol etc., are dispersed to in the surroundings and the aroma of a yagna can be smelt at a considerable distance.
The fatty substances used in yagna are mainly ghee and other fatty substances of vegetable origin. Ghee helps in rapid combustion of cellulose of wood and keeps the fire alight. The combustion of glycerol portion gives acetone bodies, pyruvic aldehyde and glyoxal etc. The hydrocarbons produced in the reactions again undergo slow combustion and as a result methyl and ethyl alcohols, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, formic acid and acetic acids are formed.
The vaporized products diffused in the atmosphere are also subjected to photochemical reactions in the sunlight. They undergo photochemical decomposition, oxidation and reduction reactions. To some extent even CO2 is also reduced to formaldehyde. From an environmental angle, the reduction of CO2caused by yagna and the liberation of oxygen cannot be overemphasized. Similar kinds of other useful reactions take place in the presence of specific radiations from the sunrays. This may be perhaps the reason it has been recommended that should be performed during sunlight.
The power of sound vibrations has since long been acknowledged in the field of science. With substantial amplification these vibrations can penetrate the energy spheres at the subtle and cosmic levels. All the alphabets of the Sanskrit language are endowed with special impulsive phonetics, which send out harmonious wave patterns when pronounced. The chanting of mantras produces vibrations, which are soothing to human mind and all plant and animal life. These vibrations also help in spreading specific energy waves in the surrounding atmosphere while the oblations are
“Heal the atmosphere and the healed atmosphere will heal you”, says Dr. Madhukar Gaikwad can be an easy way to understand how yagna can be helpful to human beings. According to Dr. Hafkine, the smoke produced by burning the mixture of ghee and sugar kills the germs of certain diseases; inhaling it from some distance induces secretion from certain glands related to the windpipe that fill our heart and mind with relaxation. “Burning sugar and its smoke has a significant effect in purifying the atmosphere. It kills the germs of T.B., measles, smallpox and cow-pox” – remarks Prof. Tilward. A Russian Scientist named Dr. Shirowich mentions that – “if cow’s ghee is put into the fire, its smoke will lessen the effect of atomic radiation to a great extent”. He also related this process to yagna.
Even without going into detailed chemical bacteriology, it appears highly probable that performing yagna leads to the purification of air.
Yagna, thus, appears to be a promising scientific, cost effective, eco-friendly method to counter the ever-increasing deadly pollution of the environment and purify and enrich the environment with healthy ingredients. May the environmental scientists and the experts of the Vedic Science of yagna come together to enable its global expansion.
Thus Ayurveda vaccination has a scope of prevention on larger basis, no side effects or after ill effects, takes care of body, mind and disease equally, rasayan practices can be safely promoted and lastly individual can participate in their own health management instead of being only passive patient.
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